An individual’s genetic makeup plays a major role in how well (or not) he or she ages. Some people age prematurely while others look much younger than their age even in their twilight years.
As we grow older, our body’s natural abilities to repair and renew itself deteriorate. The slowdown in the regeneration of collagen and elastin – two vital building blocks of cells – causes our skin to become thinner and drier, and thus less firm and elastic. Our skin’s ability to protect itself from damage is also reduced as we age. Eventually, wrinkles, creases and lines form on our skin, and they increase and deepen into furrows and grooves.
Fine lines and wrinkles arise because of irregular thickening of the dermis and a decrease in the amount of water held by the epidermis, damage to the cells caused by free radicals resulting from uv exposure and environmental toxins like tobacco smoke.
Our skin is at the mercy of many destructive forces, such as the sun’s harmful uv rays and our unhealthy lifestyle habits; a combination of factors, including our regular sleeping position, the amount of water we consume on daily, whether we smoke or not, the use of certain medications, the frequency and amount of sun exposure and the ways in which we protect ourselves against harmful uv rays, can influence the extent to which wrinkles develop.